Embedded and Real-Time Systems Sixth Semester Diploma in Computer Science full syllabus

Govt. of Karnataka, Department of Technical Education
Diploma in Computer Science
Sixth    Semester

Subject: Embedded and Real-Time Systems


Contact Hrs / week: 4                                         Total hrs: 64

Table of Contents



Slno
Chapters
Hours
Marks
1
Introduction to Embedded Systems
4
10
2
Architecture of Embedded Systems
10
25
3
Programming for Embedded Systems
10
25
4
Hardware Platforms
4
10
5
Communication Interfaces
8
20
6
Embedded / RTOS Concepts
8
20
7
Overview of Embedded / Real-Time Operating Systems
6
15
8
Representative Embedded Systems
4
10
9
Future Trends
2
5

Seminar, Guest Lectures and Industry Innovation
5


Tests
3



64
140 + 5 Objectives



Details of  Contents




1


Introduction to Embedded Systems

1.1

What is an Embedded System?

1.2

Application Areas

1.3

Categories of Embedded Systems


1.3.1
Standalone Embedded Systems


1.3.2
Real-Time Systems


1.3.3
Networked Information Appliances


1.3.4
Mobile Devices

1.4

Overview of Embedded System Architecture

1.5

Specialties of Embedded Systems


1.5.1
Reliability


1.5.2
Performance


1.5.3
Power Consumption


1.5.4
Cost


1.5.5
Size


1.5.6
Limited User Interface


1.5.7
Software Upgradation capability

1.6

Recent trends in Embedded Systems


1.6.1
Processor Power


1.6.2
Memory


1.6.3
Operating System


1.6.4
Communication Interfaces and Networking Capability


1.6.5
Programming Languages


1.6.6
Development Tools


1.6.7
Programmable Hardware








2


Architecture of Embedded Systems

2.1

Hardware Architecture


2.1.1
Central Processing Unit


2.1.2
Memory


2.1.3
Clock Circuitary


2.1.4
Watch Dog Timer / Reset Circuitry


2.1.5
Chip Select


2.1.6
Input / Output Devices


2.1.7
Debugg Port


2.1.8
Communication Interfaces


2.1.9
Power Supply Unit

2.2

Software Architecture


2.2.1
Services Provided by an OS


2.2.2
Architecture of an Embedded OS


2.2.3
Categories of Embedded OS

2.3

Application Software

2.4

Communication Software


2.4.1
TCP/IP Protocol Suite

2.5

Process of Generating Executable Image


2.5.1
Cross Platform Development


2.5.2
Boot Sequence

2.6

Development / Testing Tools


2.6.1
Hardware  Development Testing Tools


2.6.2
Software  Development Testing Tools




3


Programming for Embedded Systems

3.1

Overview of ANSI C

3.2

GNU Development Tools

3.3

Bit Manipulation Using C


3.2.1
Calculation of CRC

3.4

Memory Management

3.5

Timing of Programmes

3.6

Device Drivers


3.6.1
Tools for Device Driver Development

3.7

Productivity Tools


3.7.1
Make file


3.7.2
Debugger


3.7.3
Profiler


3.7.4
Indenting


3.7.5
Revision Control

3.8

Code Optimization

3.9

C Coding Guidelines

3.10

Programming in C++

3.11

Programming in Java


3.11.1
Java 2 Micro Edition (J2ME)


3.11.2
Server Side Programming


3.11.3
Java Development Tool




4


Hardware Platforms

4.1

Types of Hardware Platforms


4.1.1
Single Board Computer


4.1.2
PC Add On Cards


4.1.3
Custom Built Hardware Platform

4.2

89C51 Microcontroller Development Board


4.2.1
Development Board Features


4.2.2
Hardware Description




5


Communication Interfaces

5.1

Need for Communication Interfaces

5.2

RS232/UART


5.2.1
RS232 Communication Parameters


5.2.2
RS232 Connector  Configurations


5.2.3
UART


5.2.4
NULL Modem Cable Connection





5.3

RS422/RS485

5.4

USB


5.4.1
USB Physical Interface


5.4.2
Features of USB

5.5

Infrared

5.6

IEEE 1394 Fire wire

5.7

Ethernet

5.8

IEEE 802.11

5.9

Bluetooth


5.9.1
Bluetooth System java Specification


5.9.2
Bluetooth Protocol Architecture




6


Embedded / RTOS Concepts

6.1

Architecture of Kernel

6.2

Tasks and task Schedulers


6.2.1
Task States


6.2.2
Context Switching


6.2.3
Scheduling Algorithm


6.2.4
Rate Monotonic Analysis


6.2.5
Task management Function Calls

6.3

Interrupt service Routines

6.4

Semaphores


6.4.1
Semaphore Management Function Calls

6.5

Mutex


6.5.1
Mutex Management Function Calls

6.6

Mail Boxes


6.6.1
Mail Box Management Function Calls

6.7

Message Queues


6.7.1
Message Queue  Management Function Calls

6.8

Event registers


6.8.1
Event Register Management Function Calls

6.9

Pipes


6.9.1
Pipe  Management Function Calls

6.10

Signals


6.10.1
Signal  Management Function Calls

6.11

Timers


6.11.1
Timer  Management Function Calls

6.12

Memory Management

6.13

Priority Inversion Problem


6.13.1
Priority Inheritance


6.13.2
Pathfinder Problem Revisted








7


Overview of Embedded / ROT System

7.1

Off-the-Shell Operating Systems


7.1.1
Commonalities of the OS


7.1.2
Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX)


7.1.3
Difference in OS

7.2

Embedded OS


7.2.1
Embedded NT


7.2.2
Windows XP Embedded


7.2.3
Embedded Linux

7.3

RTOS


7.3.1
QNX Neutrino


7.3.2
VxWorks


7.3.3
MicroC/OS_II


7.3.4
RTLinux

7.4

Handheld OSs


7.4.1
Palm OS


7.4.2
Symbian OS


7.4.3
Windows CE


7.4.4
Windows CE.NET
8


Representative embedded Systems

8.1

Digital Thermometer

8.2

Handheld Computer

8.3

Navigation System


8.4

IP Phone

8.5

Software-defined Radio

8.6

Smart Cards

8.7

RF Tags
9


Future Trends

9.1

Emerging Technologies


9.1.1
Pervasive / Ubiquitous


9.1.2
Java for Embedded Systems


9.1.3
Security of Embedded systems


9.1.4
Embedding Intelligence

9.2

Emerging Applications

9.3

The greatest songs are still unsung







Text book:
  1. Embedded / Real-Time Systems : Concepts, Design And Programming, Black Book , Dr. K V K K Prasad , DreamTech Press,  ISBN: 9788177224610

Reference
  1. Embedded  System Design , Frank Vahid / Tony Givargis, Wiley, ISBN: 9788126508372



General Objectives:

  1. To know the important features, specialties and simple architecture of ES 
  2. An overview of the S/W architecture and the tools required for development of systems
  3. To Understand the H/w platforms and communication interfaces for embed systems
  4. To understand the concepts of Embedded / RTOS.
  5. To know  the architectures of representative embedded systems



Specific Objectives:

1
Introduction to Embedded System

Understand what is an embedded systems

List the various application areas in which embedded system are used

Categorize embedded system

Gain knowledge of the architecture of the embedded systems

Understand the requirements of embedded systems

Learn about the recent trends in embedded system development


2
Architecture of Embedded Systems

Learn the hardware architecture of an Embedded system

Gain knowledge of the software architecture of an embedded system

Get an overview of the TCP/IP protocol architecture

Understand the process of creating an executable image for  the embedded system

Grasp the details of Cross platform development

Know the various tools required for Hardware/software development


3
Programming for Embedded Systems

Understand the important features of ANSI standard for C language

Learn the intricacies of C programming for Embedded Systems through examples in bit manipulations

Learn Function calls for FILE I/O  & memory management

Understand the importance of code Optimization

Gain knowledge of coding guidelines

Appreciate the importance of C++ & JAVA programming languages for Embedded software development


4
Hardware Platforms

Gain knowledge of different types of hardware platforms

Learn in brief about a simple 89C51 based development board


5.
Communication Interfaces

Appreciate the need for communication interface

Understand the Ethernet & Wireless LAN interfaces

Grasp the details of IEEE 1394 Interface

Gain knowledge of Infrared & Bluetooth wireless interfaces


6
Embedded /RTOS Concepts

Understand the architecture of the Kernel of an OS

Learn the details of Task scheduling algorithm

Gain knowledge of inter-task communication

Understand the details of Kernel objects such as tasks, task scheduler, ISR, Semaphores, Mutexes, Mail Boxes, Message Queues, Event Registers, Pipes, Signals & timers


7
Overview of Embedded / Real Time Operating Systems

Understand the commonalities & differences in the operating systems available off – the – shelf

Get a good understanding of commercial & open source OS used in embedded / real time systems as well as hand held/ mobile devices


8
Representative Embedded System

Understand the architecture of Representative Embedded systems viz., digital thermometer, hand held computer, navigation system, IP Phone and software- defined Radio


9
Future trends

Gain & understanding of the emerging Technologies

Learn about new applications of these Technologies



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